Profile of Youth Gang Members, Causes and Effects of their Activities in Tagbilaran City

Josie Vida C Sempron

Abstract


The gang is commonly defined as the composition of peer or group of friends of various age, race or gender, who share the same inclinations of interests, or those who revel in engaging certain activities that are delinquent in nature and may have future ramifications. The study intends to explore the profile, reasons, and consequences of joining gangs among the youth in Tagbilaran City, Bohol, 2015. The study employed quantitative method through a descriptive survey. The respondents included in this study are children aged 18 and below regardless of sex and education, to find out their gang affiliations, reasons, and consequences of their involvement. Data is generated through the distribution of close-ended questionnaires to sixty-one (61) in-school and twenty (20) out-of-school youth. Since the study included sensitive issues in adolescents, it has undergone the research ethics committee, the conduct got the approval because consistent respect for children’s rights was observed all throughout the survey. Data are processed making use of Social Science Package Statistical Software (SPSS), utilizing frequencies, percentages, weighted mean. The majority of the respondents are males and are in school. Results showed that huge majority of the respondents In-School belong to age level 13-15, whereas, four-fifth among the out-of-school belong to 16-18. A little above half of the respondents who are regular members of gangs are at age level 13-15. On those who claimed to be transient members comprise the majority at the same age level. Ligas Paka Gangstah, locally known as LPG, garnered the highest population of respondents in the In-school category. A fourth of the Out-of-school respondents got the highest number. Highest among the reasons for joining gangs from Out-of-School Youth, who Strongly Agree is the statement on “I feel I am protected by my gang members,” while the top answer among the In-School group is the statement on “I enjoy being with my co-gang members, I am happy to be with them.” Common activity shared between the In-School, and Out-of-School groups are playing online games in class hours or beyond bed time. Whereas, among those who are in school, another top answer is skipping or cutting classes. The ramification is the top answer on suffering the brunt of lower grades, and that led school drop outs. The implication of this study is for the policy-makers and program implementers to design concrete programmatic measures for youth to involve them in meaningful and productive activities to prepare future citizens and leaders to prepare them for greater responsibilities to manage themselves, their communities and the future of the society.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1563/aubgsps.v3i1.32

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